Understanding Third Party Actions in Workers’ Compensation Cases

Workplace accidents are rarely straightforward, and when an employee gets injured, multiple parties may share responsibility for the incident. In such cases, the injured worker may have the right to pursue a third party in addition to receiving workers’ compensation benefits or filing lawsuits against their employer. Third party actions can be complex and challenging, requiring the expertise of experienced attorneys well-versed in Ohio workers’ compensation law. At Cox, Koltak & Gibson, our Columbus workers’ compensation attorneys are dedicated to thoroughly investigating cases and fighting for fair compensation for our clients.

What are Third Party Accidents?

A third party accident occurs when someone other than the employer is at least partially responsible for a workplace injury. These accidents often happen in industries such as construction, where various contractors and entities work together. For instance, if a worker is injured due to debris left by a negligent cleaning contractor, that contractor may be considered a liable third party. Scaffolding accidents, where a separate company erects the scaffolding, are also examples of third party accidents. Additionally, accidents caused by defective machinery may involve product liability claims against the manufacturer or distributor.

Third Party Accidents Examples

  1. Construction Site Incidents: Injuries resulting from inadequate site maintenance or negligence by contractors.
  2. Scaffolding Accidents: Injuries caused by improper scaffolding setup or maintenance.
  3. Product Liability Cases: Injuries caused by defective machinery or equipment.
  4. On-the-Job Auto Accidents: Employees involved in car accidents caused by third-party drivers while driving company vehicles.

Damages in Third Party Accident Cases

While workers’ compensation insurance provides limited coverage, third party lawsuits can help workers recover additional damages, such as:

  1. Medical Expenses and Property Damage: Compensation for medical bills and property damage resulting from the accident.
  2. Lost Wages and Earning Capacity: Compensation for wages lost due to hospitalization and long-term disability that affects earning potential.
  3. Pain and Suffering: Compensation for physical pain, emotional distress, and mental anguish endured as a result of the accident.

The Importance of Experienced Legal Representation

Third party accident cases require thorough investigation and attention to detail. Work accident scenes, like construction sites, can change rapidly, and crucial evidence may be lost if not secured promptly. An experienced attorney can preserve evidence, identify potential third parties, and build a strong case to ensure fair compensation for the injured worker.


At Cox, Koltak & Gibson, we have years of experience handling third party accident cases in the workplace. Our dedicated legal professionals are committed to fighting for your rights and obtaining the compensation you deserve. We understand the financial and emotional toll work accidents can take, and we are here to guide you through the process and help you rebuild your life. When you choose us, you won’t be just another number at a large law firm—we provide personalized attention and tailor our approach to your unique circumstances. If you’ve been injured on the job, contact a Columbus workers’ compensation lawyer from Cox, Koltak & Gibson today for a free consultation. Let us be your advocates and seek the justice you deserve.

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